GPs, dentists, teachers, police and prison officers are among around one million public sector workers set to get their biggest pay rise since the financial crisis.
This year, teachers will get pay rises of up to 3.5%, members of the armed forces will benefit from a 2.9% rise, while prison officers will see their salaries go up by 2.75%.
Police officers, GPs and dentists will all receive a 2% pay rise.
Although the rises for the armed forces apply across the UK, increases for prison officers, teachers and police only apply in England and Wales, while increases for doctors and dentists are only for those working in England.
In June, NHS staff in Scotland earning less than £80,000 a year were offered a 9% pay rise to be spread over three years.
Scottish teachers, meanwhile, are campaigning for a 10% pay rise, with trade unions turning down an offer of 3% earlier in the year.
The government announcement follows lengthy campaigns for pay increases from unions and come after the controversial 1% pay cap was scrapped in September last year.
The government says the pay rises can be accommodated within the spending plans of individual departments and will not come direct from the Treasury.
Commenting on the news, Pritie Billimoria, head of communications at poverty charity Turn2Us, says: “Public sector workers have faced years of effective pay cuts, while prices have been soaring. The proportion of public sector workers receiving financial help from us doubled between 2010 and 2017, showing just how many people are in work but are still financially vulnerable.
She adds: “Today’s news will provide genuine relief to some public-sector workers. However, this is only a short-term measure; we need to see a long-term pay plan for public sector workers, so they can plan for the future and not find themselves relying on crisis support.”