Fund briefing: Specialist sector
These are the misfits of the investment industry, whose objectives mean they can’t be accommodated by any of the mainstream sectors. In some cases, this is because they focus on niche areas; in others, it’s due to how they pursue their goals.
Even a cursory glance at the sector’s 300-plus funds illustrates the point. Some concentrate on sectors such as commodities and natural resources, while others are dedicated to specific regions such as Latin America or India.
Previously, investors would only consider this sector if they wanted to add higher-risk niche funds to their existing portfolios, but in recent years there has been an increase in the number of multi-asset and risk-targeted funds being added to the sector.
There has also been an uptick in the number of fund managers that end up in the Specialist sector because they don’t want to be restricted by the investment rules required to remain in other sectors.
But although the sector adds variety to the investment world, these funds have both the potential to deliver stellar investment returns and to leave investors with huge losses, warns Patrick Connolly, a certified financial planner with Chase de Vere.
“The wide range of funds in this sector is reflected in their varying performance figures,” he says. “Some funds have produced exceptionally strong returns, while others may well have given investors sleepless nights.”
Given the diverse nature of its constituents and their various aims and objectives, performance ranking of funds within the sector is also inappropriate. The differences in returns can certainly been huge, points out Connolly.
“Over the past five years, the AXA Framlington Biotech fund has made gains of 249%, increasing an investment of £10,000 to £34,900, while the MFM Junior Gold fund has lost 89.1%, meaning a £10,000 investment would now only be worth £1,090,” he explains.
Connolly’s comments are backed up by statistics compiled by Morningstar to 7 December 2015. The best performing fund over the past year has been Invesco Korean Equity, which invests in Korean companies and has delivered a 17.53% return.
At the other end of the scale comes BGF World Mining A2, which invests at least 70% of its total assets in the equity securities of mining and metals companies. It has fallen by a depressing 48.5% over the same period.
Sometimes these performances are due to particular areas being in – or out – of favour. For example, over the past three years it’s obvious that natural resources, energy, Latin America and Eastern Europe have really struggled.
However, there have been strong returns from funds focused on India, biotechnology, Australia and some financial portfolios, so not only do returns depend on the skill of the manager, but also global economic and political issues.
This is why you need to approach the Specialist sector with caution and ensure you have a thorough understanding of a fund’s aims and objectives before committing yourself, warns Darius McDermott, managing director of Chelsea Financial Services.
“There are funds in the sector ranging from Brazilian equities to thematic funds such as water – and everything in between,” he says. “So you need to look carefully as you can’t really compare funds in any meaningful way.”
Broadly speaking, the sector can be divided into around 20 main areas, including Latin America, Africa equity, convertibles, Australia & New Zealand equity, healthcare, India, natural resources, precious metals, emerging market equity and energy.
In most cases, the best approach is to cherry-pick funds from the sector that can enhance the returns generated by a portfolio’s principal holdings. This is known as choosing satellite investments, which can sit on the edge of core positions.
For example, an investor might want most of their money in the UK All Companies sector but also desire limited exposure to energy, precious metals, and healthcare, along with some assets in funds that benefit from a strong performance in, say, Latin America.
However, there are alternatives to buying a fund in the Specialist sector. For example, Chase de Vere’s Patrick Connolly would advise clients to invest in a broad-based emerging markets fund rather than a fund investing specifically in India, Brazil or Russia.
“We do use some multi-asset funds although prefer to use those in other sectors where the sector restrictions mean we will have a better understanding of what a fund manager is likely to do,” he says.“Investors are able to construct a sensible and balanced investment portfolio without including any funds from this sector.”
Fund to watch: BlackRock Gold and General
This is the godfather of mining funds. Launched back in the late 1980s, BlackRock Gold and General aims to achieve long-term capital growth by investing in the shares of companies involved in gold mining or commodities such as precious metals.
Run by the highly experienced Evy Hambro, the fund is primarily exposed to gold (77.61%) and silver (14.06%), according to the most recent factsheet. It also has some investments in diamonds, copper, platinum and tin.
Mark Dampier, head of research at Hargreaves Lansdown, praises the fact it is run by an experienced and well-resourced team, but warns that its performance has been, and is likely to remain, volatile due to its focus on a single, specialist area.
“The fund could appeal to more adventurous investors who share the manager’s belief that gold mining companies could capitalise on a higher gold price, as the metal is increasingly viewed as a store of wealth,” he says. “This is a niche investment that should only account for a relatively small portion of a well-diversified portfolio.”
The hope is that should the gold price rise over the long term and mining companies can keep costs under control, profits should rise and ultimately benefit the share price. There are, however, some caveats to the story.
“Many gold mining companies have failed to take advantage of the rising gold price over the past decade, letting costs spiral out of control,” he adds. “There is some evidence to suggest they are trying to turn things around, but it is early days.”
An individual employed by an institution to manage an investment fund (unit trust, investment trust, pension fund or hedge fund) to meet pre-determined objectives (usually to generate capital growth or maximise income) in prescribed geographic areas or investment sectors (such as UK smaller companies, technology or commodities). The manager also carries the responsibility for general fund supervision, as well as monitoring the daily trading activity and also developing investment strategies to manage the risk profile of the fund.
An interchangeable term for shares (UK) or stocks (US). Holders of equity shares in a company are entitled to the earnings and assets of a company after all the prior charges and demands on the company’s capital (chiefly its debts and liabilities) have been settled. To have equity in any asset is to own a piece of it, so holders of shares in a company effectively own a piece proportionate to the number of shares they hold. (See also Shares).
Generic, loosely-defined term for markets in a newly industrialised or Third World country that is in the process of moving from a closed economy to an open market economy while building accountability within the system. The World Bank recognises 28 countries as emerging markets, including Argentina, Brazil, China, Czech Republic, Egypt, India, Israel, Morocco, Russia and Venezuela. Because these countries carry additional political, economic and currency risks, investors in emerging markets should accept volatile returns. There is potential to make large profit at the risk of large losses.
A term applied to raw materials (gold, oil) and foodstuffs (wheat, pork bellies) traded on exchanges throughout the world. Since no one really wants to transport all those heavy materials, what is actually traded are commodities futures contracts or options. These are agreements to buy or sell at an agreed price on a specific date. Because commodity prices are volatile, investing in futures is certainly not for the casual investor.