Expert investment tips from £50 to £50,000
You don’t need huge sums of money to kick-start an investment habit. Whether you have £50 a month to begin with or want to invest a windfall of £10,000, there is no time like the present to get your money working harder.
Over the long term, investing money in the stock market should produce far greater returns than you’ll get from even the best savings accounts. But for beginners, the question is: how should I invest?
We’ve put together four different investment scenarios and asked the experts how they would invest the cash. The answers should help beginner investors of any age and any financial background plan for their family’s future by offering hints and tips on how and where they should invest their cash.
As always, if you are in any doubt, make sure you seek independent financial advice to help you make the right decisions. If you don’t have a personal recommendation from friends or family, you can use Moneywise’s online tool to help find an adviser in your area:
£50 a month
Where you should invest depends on why you are investing, over how long and the amount of risk you are willing to take.
When investing on a monthly basis, it is best to have a clear understanding of what you are actually saving the money for. If your aim is to build up emergency funds or you’re saving for something specific and expect to spend the money within the next three to five years, savings accounts and cash individual savings accounts (Isas) are probably the best way to go.
Justin Modray, director of Candid Financial Advice, says the golden rule is the same however much you invest: make sure you don’t bite off more risk than you can chew.
“If you can invest for five to 10 years or more and sleep soundly through potential downturns along the way, then the stock market is generally a good place to start for long-term investing,” he says. “An added potential advantage of monthly investing is that it helps smooth the ups and downs of markets.” For more on this read Should I invest regularly or pay in a lump sum?
Mr Modray says beginner investors with £50 a month should opt for a single investment fund and consider switching future contributions into another fund once they have built up a reasonable amount of money. See our latest Investment Doctor article for ideas on how to add funds if you increase your regular monthly contributions.
For those who want to adopt a more cautious approach and don’t want all of their money going into the stock market, Patrick Connolly, a certified financial planner at Chase de Vere, rates Investec Cautious Managed fund. This fund spreads risks by investing into other asset classes alongside shares, such as government bonds, gold and cash.
Mr Modray says the Vanguard LifeStrategy* range of funds offer a cheap and convenient way of investing your money across global stock markets and fixed-interest investments such as government and corporate bonds. There are five options, ranging from 20% stock market exposure to 100%, so they should suit most needs.
The 20%, 60% and 100% equity versions are members of the Moneywise First 50 Funds for beginners. Peter Chadborn, director and adviser at Plan Money, recommends a fund with a cautious objective for someone starting out with just £50 a month: “We require a low-cost, highly diversified, risk-controlled solution and, of course, good consistent past performance.
To meet these criteria, I would suggest the Vanguard LifeStrategy 40% Equity fund.” If you are happy to have all your money in higher-risk company shares, Mr Connolly recommends a “good low-cost UK tracker fund” that will give broad exposure to the UK stock market. He likes the HSBC FTSE All Share Index fund.
For those who are happy to take greater risk, then exposure to more volatile areas such as emerging markets can be considered. “These have the potential to perform very well over the long term,” adds Mr Connolly. “A good choice is the JPM Emerging Markets fund.”
£250 a month
Mr Modray says: “Larger sums of money make it practical to put together a basket of funds that gives you exposure to several asset types that are unlikely to all move in the same direction at the same time. It can also make sense to add further diversity by combining cheap stock market tracking funds with active managers who invest quite differently. At the very least, I’d suggest exposure to UK and overseas stock markets, fixed interest and commercial property.”
Darius McDermott, managing director at Chelsea Financial Services, suggests the following strategy. “For cautious investors – perhaps someone making the transition to investing in other asset classes other than cash for the first time – I would suggest a mix of a more defensive UK equity income fund and a targeted absolute return fund.
“An equity income fund is a way of getting exposure to the stock market but at the same time should be less volatile than a growth-orientated fund.” Whatever funds you go for, review your fund choices regularly, at least once a year and preferably every six months.
In the Targeted Absolute Return sector, he favours SVS Church House Tenax Absolute Return Strategies, which he says is “one of the few funds in the sector to target an absolute return from diversification and risk management alone”. Mr Modray says: “The Vanguard FTSE UK All Share tracking fund is a good bedrock for low-cost exposure to the UK stock market. CF Woodford Equity Income* and Marlborough Special Situations would nicely complement this. Both funds also invest in the UK stock market, but very differently from the FTSE All Share index. Mr Woodford tends to shun certain sectors he believes will struggle while Marlborough focuses on medium- and smaller-sized companies.
“Likewise, Vanguard FTSE Developed World ex UK* offers very cost-effective tracking exposure to overseas stock markets with Fundsmith Equity* and M&G Global Dividend being good diversifiers. Fundsmith invests long term in a handful of companies with good prospects, while M&G focuses on companies with rising dividends and tends to have a higher weighting to resources and fi nancials companies, sectors which Fundsmith largely ignores.
“I like Fidelity Strategic Bond and Jupiter Strategic Bond* for fixed-interest exposure. Both funds allow their managers a free rein as to which fixed-interest investments they buy, which should bode well across varying market conditions. Fidelity tends to be the more cautious of the two funds, so it can work well holding both side by side.
“Commercial property funds come in two flavours, those that buy physical property and those that buy property company shares. To help diversify stock market exposure, I prefer physical property and the L&G UK Property fund does a good job of this. It also holds plenty of cash in reserve to meet redemptions during difficult periods.”
£10,000 lump sum
All our experts state that your attitude to risk is one of the most important things to consider before you invest your £10,000. “You must ask yourself: how much risk am I prepared to take? How long am I investing for? What are my investment goals?” says Mr McDermott. For more on this read What is investment risk?
He says a medium-risk person looking for capital growth across a minimum 10-year investment horizon could consider weighting their portfolio towards 40% in the UK, 20% in the US, 15% in Europe and 5% each in Asia, Japan and other emerging markets, as well as 10% in so-called absolute return funds. All our experts said that investors should look to tax-efficient investments as a first port of call. That means using your Isa allowance of up to £15,240 for the 2016/17 tax year. Plus if you are prepared to lock the money away until you’re at least 55, then you could consider pensions, which give an upfront boost to your investment via income tax relief on contributions.
Rebecca O’Keefe, head of investment at online investment platform Interactive Investor, Moneywise’s parent company, says that for those who do not have time to monitor their investments, Terry Smith’s global equity fund, Fundsmith Equity*, is a top performer, with an unconstrained mandate, making it easy for the fund to invest where it wants, when it wants. The fund was Interactive Investor’s most bought fund in 2016 and has performed very well since it launched in 2010 by investing in a full range of global investments across different asset classes and sectors.
“For investors who are looking for exposure to emerging markets, then Jupiter’s Global Emerging Markets fund is a well-known, attractive option,” Ms O’Keefe adds. Investing in companies based in, or exposed to, emerging market economies worldwide, this fund is not for the faint-hearted, but has an enviable track record for those looking to take a high risk, potentially high return approach.
Mr Connolly says a good choice could be Schroder Multi Manager Diversity, which invests one-third in shares, one-third in fi xed interest and one-third in other investments, such as property and commodities.
“If you’ve already got an investment portfolio in place and are happy to take greater risks, then good choices could include Jupiter UK Growth, which invests in UK shares, or AXA Framlington American Growth, which invests in US shares,” he says.
£50,000 lump sum
“How and where to invest £50,000 is very dependent on a number of factors – time horizon, attitude to risk and objective – whether that’s income, growth or a bit of both,” says Sheridan Admans, investment research manager at The Share Centre. Mr Connolly adds: “If you don’t have many, or any, other investments, then you shouldn’t take too much risk. If you take big risks and your investment falls by 20%, which is entirely possible, then your £50,000 investment will be worth only £40,000,” he warns.
Mr Connolly believes the best way to spread risk, and so help to protect your money, is to invest in different asset types. “So perhaps put some money in shares, some in fixed interest and some in property. Then also spread risk within each of these assets by picking different types of investment in different geographical regions. So, for example, with shares you can invest in large and small companies, in different types of businesses and in different parts of the world,” he says.
Mr Connolly suggests those looking to spread risk by diversifying could consider investing through a multiasset fund such as Schroder Multi Manager Diversity, Investec Cautious Managed and JPM Multi Asset Income. Alternatively, Mr McDermott recommends they consider Chelsea Financial Services’ balanced growth Easy Isa portfolio. The six funds in which it invests are: AXA Framlington American Growth, AXA Framlington UK Select Opportunities*, Henderson Strategic Bond, Henderson UK Absolute Return, Liontrust Special Situations and Threadneedle European Select.
However, for those looking for income, he suggests a diversified income stream from a mix of property, strategic bond and equity income funds that use covered call options to enhance the income provided.
“I like the Henderson UK Property Fund*, which has one of the highest yields in the sector; Invesco Perpetual Monthly Income Plus, which again has one of the highest yields in its sector; Fidelity Enhanced Income (which alongside investments in UK companies uses high-risk derivative instruments to generate additional income and Schroder Asian Income.”
Sheridan Admans, investment research and fund of funds manager at The Share Centre, suggests investors seeking income and who are prepared for a bit more risk in the hope of generating growth could consider the Polar Capital Global Convertible, Newton Global Higher Income and Legg Mason ClearBridge US Aggressive Growth funds.
*A member of Moneywise 50 First Funds.
There are limits to how much you can invest in any tax year. For 2011/12, the limit is £10,680. Of that, the maximum you can invest in cash is £5,340 and the balance of £5,340 can be invested in shares (individual company shares or investment funds). If you don’t take the cash ISA allowance, you can invest up to £10,680 into a stocks and shares ISA.
The term is interchangeable with stock exchange, and is a market that deals in securities where market forces determine the price of securities traded. Stockmarket can refer to a specific exchange in a specific country (such as the London Stock Exchange) or the combined global stockmarkets as a single entity. The first stockmarket was established in Amsterdam in 1602 and the first British stock exchange was founded in 1698.
The general term for the rate of income from an investment expressed as an annual percentage and based on its current market value. For example, if a corporate bond or gilt originally sold at £100 par value with a coupon of 10% is bought for £100 then the coupon and the yield are the same at 10%, or £10. But if an investor buys the bond for £125, its coupon is still 10% (or £10) and the investor receives £10 but as the investor bought the bond for £125 (not £100) the yield on the investment is 8%.
Invidivual Savings Accounts were introduced on 6 April 1999 to replace personal equity plans (PEPs) and tax-exempt special savings accounts (TESSAs) with one plan that covered both stockmarket and savings products, the returns from which are tax-exempt. The ISA is not in itself an investment product. Rather, it’s a tax-free “wrapper” in which you place investments and savings up to a specified annual allowance where the returns (capital growth, dividends, interest) are tax-exempt (you don’t have to declare ISAs and their contents on your tax return). However, any dividends are taxed within the investment, and that can’t be reclaimed.
An unexpected one-off financial gain in cash or shares, generally when mutual building societies convert to stock market-quoted banks. Also windfall tax, a one-off tax imposed by government. The UK government applied such a measure in the Budget of July 1997 on the profits of privatised utilities companies.
Generic, loosely-defined term for markets in a newly industrialised or Third World country that is in the process of moving from a closed economy to an open market economy while building accountability within the system. The World Bank recognises 28 countries as emerging markets, including Argentina, Brazil, China, Czech Republic, Egypt, India, Israel, Morocco, Russia and Venezuela. Because these countries carry additional political, economic and currency risks, investors in emerging markets should accept volatile returns. There is potential to make large profit at the risk of large losses.
A term applied to raw materials (gold, oil) and foodstuffs (wheat, pork bellies) traded on exchanges throughout the world. Since no one really wants to transport all those heavy materials, what is actually traded are commodities futures contracts or options. These are agreements to buy or sell at an agreed price on a specific date. Because commodity prices are volatile, investing in futures is certainly not for the casual investor.
A financial instrument where the price is “derived” from a security (share or bond), currency, commodity or index. The price of the derivative will move in direct relationship to the price of the underlying security. They often referred to as futures, options, warrants, interest rate swaps and contracts for difference (CFDs). They are mainly used for financial certainty – to protect against spikes in the prices of commodities – as a hedge, whereby investors can buy a derivative that bets the market will move against them so they protect themselves against potential losses. Derivatives are also a tool of speculation as they enable banks, traders or investors to bet on price movements without having buy the actual physical assets. As derivatives cost only a fraction of the underlying asset price, they are “geared” (leveraged in the USA) so if the price of the asset moves £1, the value of derivative could change by £10.
If you own shares in a company, you’re entitled to a slice of the profits and these are paid as dividends on top of any capital growth in the shares’ value. The amount of the dividend is down to the board of directors (who can decide not to pay a dividend and reinvest any profits in the company) and they will be paid twice yearly (announced at the AGM and six months later as an interim). Dividends are always declared as a sum of money rather than a percentage of the share’s price. Although dividends automatically receive a 10% tax credit from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC), which takes the company having already paid corporation tax on its profits into account. Dividends are classed as income and, as such, are liable for personal taxation and so shareholders have to declare them to HMRC.
Absolute return funds
Absolute return funds aim to deliver a positive (or ‘absolute’) return every year regardless of what happens in the stockmarket. Unlike traditional funds, they can take bets on shares falling, as well as rising. This is not to say they can’t fall in value; they do. However, over the years, they should have less volatile performance than traditional funds.
A financial adviser who is not tied to any financial services company (such as a bank or insurance company) and is authorised by the Financial Services Authority (FSA). They can advise on financial products to suit your circumstances. All IFAs have to give consumers the choice of paying by fees or commission and have to explain which would best suit the customer in that particular instance. Also, if commission is paid either by the client or the financial service provider recommended by the IFA, the IFA must disclose what that commission is.