Often used by stockbrokers to ease the administration of buying and selling holdings on behalf of their clients, a nominee (the broker) holds securities on behalf of investors (the “beneficial owners” of the securities). Holding securities through a nominee is cheaper, but the disadvantage is that beneficial owners of shares forego certain rights enjoyed by shareholders on the register, such as the right to vote at an annual general meeting (AGM) or extraordinary general meeting (EGM) and the right to propose AGM or EGM resolutions. Holding securities through a nominee still entitles the shareholders to dividends, rights issues etc.
Every limited company must hold an annual general meeting for its shareholders once a year to consider the company’s accounts, reports of directors and auditors and it is the only opportunity for shareholders to express their feelings to the board of directors. Shareholders also vote on the appointment/re-appointment of directors, although this may be sent to shareholders as a postal ballot.