The Clearing House Automated Payment System processes and settles time-dependent payments through its two payment schemes: CHAPS Sterling and Faster Payments. Faster Payments is similar to BACS but boasts much speedier transaction times (hours rather than days). The system processes in excess of £70trn annually.
This is more usually a feature of car insurance but it can also crop up in contents, mobile phone and pet insurance policies. An excess is the amount of money you have to pay before the insurance company starts paying out. The excess makes up the first part of a claim, so if your excess is £100 and your claim is for £500, you would pay the first £100 and the insurer the remaining £400. Many online insures let you set your own excess, but the lower the excess, the more expensive the premium will be.
Created in 1968, BACS is a not-for-profit industry body, owned by 16 of the leading banks and building societies in the UK and Europe. All direct debits, standing orders, credit card payments, personal loans and the vast majority of salary cheques are processed through BACS. In 2010, 5.7 billion UK payments with a total value of £4.06 trillion were processed through the system.