Created in 1968, BACS is a not-for-profit industry body, owned by 16 of the leading banks and building societies in the UK and Europe. All direct debits, standing orders, credit card payments, personal loans and the vast majority of salary cheques are processed through BACS. In 2010, 5.7 billion UK payments with a total value of £4.06 trillion were processed through the system.
Used by the holder to buy goods and services, credit cards also have a monthly or annual spending limit, which may be raised or lowered depending on the creditworthiness of the cardholder. But unlike charge cards, borrowers aren’t forced to pay the balance off in full every month and, as long as they make a stated minimum payment, can carry a balance from one month to the next, generating compound interest. As the issuing company is effectively giving you a short-term loan, most credit cards have variable and relatively high interest rates. Allowing the interest to compound for too long may result in dire financial straits.