Fact sheet:

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Performance vs Sector

Cumulative performance
 1 mth3 mth6 mth1 yr3 yr5 yr
Fund------
Sector------
Rank within sector------
Quartile
Calendar performance
 YTD - 20172016201520142013
Fund-----
Sector-----
Rank within sector-----
Quartile
Risk statistics
Alpha
?Alpha is a measure of a fund's over- or under-performance by comparison to its benchmark. If the Alpha is 5, the fund has outperformed its benchmark by 5%; so the greater the Alpha, the greater the outperformance.
-
Beta
?Beta estimates a fund's volatility by comparison to that of its benchmark. A fund with a beta close to 1 means that the fund will move generally in line with the benchmark. Higher than 1 and the fund is more volatile than the benchmark and vice versa.
-
Sharpe
?This commonly-used measure calculates the level of return over and above the return of a notional risk-free investment, such as cash. The difference in returns is then divided by the fund's volatility. The resulting ratio is an indication of the amount of excess return generated per unit of risk.
-
Volatility
?Volatility (or standard deviation), when applied to an investment fund, expresses its risk. It shows how widely a range of returns varied from the fund's average return over a particular period. For example, if a fund had an average return of 5%, and its volatility was 15, this would mean that the range of its returns over the period had swung between +20% and -10%.
-
Tracking error
?This measures the standard deviation of a fund's excess returns over the returns of an index or benchmark portfolio. As such, it can be an indication of 'riskiness' in the manager's investment style. A Tracking Error below 2 suggests a passive approach. At 3 and above the the manager will be deploying a more active investment style.
-
Information ratio
?This is a useful risk-adjusted measure of actively managed fund performance. It is calculated by deducting the returns of the fund's benchmark from the fund's overall returns, then dividing the result by its tracking error. The higher the Information Ratio the better. It is generally considered that a figure of 0.5 reflects a good performance, 0.75 very good, and 1.00 outstanding.
-
R-Squared
?An indication of how closely correlated a fund is to an index or a benchmark. Values for R-Squared range between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating no correlation at all and 1 showing a perfect match. Values upwards of 0.7 suggest that the fund's behaviour is increasingly linked to its benchmark.
-
Price movement
52 week high-
52 week low-
Current bid price-
Current offer price-
Current mid price-
Region
No data available.
Industry sector
No data available.
Asset type
No data available.
Individual holdings
No data available.
Fund manager group
No data available.
Fund manager company
No data available.
Fund type
No data available.
Fund objective
No data available.
Benchmark
No data available.
Investment style
No data available.
Investment method
No data available.
Fund manager
No data available.
Compliance
No data available.
Domicile
No data available.
Fund for sale in
No data available.
JPM Europe Dynamic A Acc EUR
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.72%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price23.96
Offer price25.28
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeJT03
JPM Europe Dynamic A Acc NAV EUR
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.72%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price24.08
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeJT02
JPM Europe Dynamic A Acc NAV USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.78%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price144.92
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFDHA
JPM Europe Dynamic A Acc USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.78%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price144.2
Offer price152.17
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFDHB
JPM Europe Dynamic A Dis GBP
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price26.11
Offer price27.55
Mid price-
CurrencyGBP
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeRT79
JPM Europe Dynamic A Dis NAV GBP
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price26.24
CurrencyGBP
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeRT78
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc AUD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.77%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.81%
Bid price13.83
Offer price14.6
Mid price-
CurrencyAUD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFEDT
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc HKD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.77%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.81%
Bid price13.02
Offer price13.74
Mid price-
CurrencyHKD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFEDR
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc NAV AUD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.77%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.81%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price13.9
CurrencyAUD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFEDU
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc NAV HKD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.77%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.81%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price13.09
CurrencyHKD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFEDS
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc NAV SGD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.8%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price12.65
CurrencySGD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFJWP
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc NAV USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.74%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.81%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price177.36
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFEDW
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc SGD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.8%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price12.59
Offer price13.28
Mid price-
CurrencySGD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFJWO
JPM Europe Dynamic A Hedged Acc USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.74%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.81%
Bid price176.47
Offer price186.23
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFEDV
JPM Europe Dynamic A Inc Dis EUR
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price124.66
Offer price131.55
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFDHC
JPM Europe Dynamic A Inc Dis NAV EUR
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£35,000
Min regular saving£5,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)1.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price125.29
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFDHD
JPM Europe Dynamic C Acc EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price31.53
Offer price31.53
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeJL62
JPM Europe Dynamic C Acc NAV EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price31.53
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeJL63
JPM Europe Dynamic C Acc NAV USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price146.71
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFEST
JPM Europe Dynamic C Acc USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price146.71
Offer price146.71
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFESU
JPM Europe Dynamic C Dis EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price98.68
Offer price98.68
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFSOY
JPM Europe Dynamic C Dis GBP
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price111.44
Offer price111.44
Mid price-
CurrencyGBP
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFCJT
JPM Europe Dynamic C Dis NAV EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price98.68
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFSOZ
JPM Europe Dynamic C Dis NAV GBP
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price111.44
CurrencyGBP
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFCJS
JPM Europe Dynamic C Hedged Acc NAV USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price180.37
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFJBH
JPM Europe Dynamic C Hedged Acc USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price180.37
Offer price180.37
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFJBI
JPM Europe Dynamic C Inc EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price103.16
Offer price103.16
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeE15C
JPM Europe Dynamic C Inc NAV EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)1.01%
Total expense ratio (TER)1%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price103.16
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeE15B
JPM Europe Dynamic D Acc EUR
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.76%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price21.32
Offer price22.5
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeJI99
JPM Europe Dynamic D Acc NAV EUR
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.76%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price21.43
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeCI82
JPM Europe Dynamic D Acc NAV USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price139.86
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeJM58
JPM Europe Dynamic D Acc USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price139.16
Offer price146.85
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeJM57
JPM Europe Dynamic D Hedged Acc NAV USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price163.71
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFJQP
JPM Europe Dynamic D Hedged Acc USD
Initial charge5%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price162.89
Offer price171.9
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeFJQO
JPM Europe Dynamic I Acc EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price30.26
Offer price30.26
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeV170
JPM Europe Dynamic I Acc NAV EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price30.26
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeV171
JPM Europe Dynamic I Acc NAV USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price138.9
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFG9G
JPM Europe Dynamic I Acc USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price138.9
Offer price138.9
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFG9F
JPM Europe Dynamic I Dis EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price130.66
Offer price130.66
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeBMPC
JPM Europe Dynamic I Dis GBP
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price106.04
Offer price106.04
Mid price-
CurrencyGBP
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFEII
JPM Europe Dynamic I Dis NAV EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price130.66
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeBMPD
JPM Europe Dynamic I Dis NAV GBP
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price106.04
CurrencyGBP
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeIncome
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFEIH
JPM Europe Dynamic I Hedged Acc NAV USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price154.44
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFPFQ
JPM Europe Dynamic I Hedged Acc USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge0.8%
Min single investment£10,000,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.97%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.96%
Bid price154.44
Offer price154.44
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeFPFO
JPM Europe Dynamic T Acc EUR
Initial charge3%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price143.87
Offer price143.87
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/01/2016
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeMXF4
JPM Europe Dynamic T Acc NAV EUR
Initial charge3%
Annual charge1.5%
Min single investment£5,000
Min regular saving£1,000
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)2.81%
Total expense ratio (TER)2.8%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price143.87
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/01/2016
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classRetail
Domicile-
Citi codeMXF5
JPM Europe Dynamic X Acc EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge-
Min single investment£0
Min regular saving£0
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.16%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.15%
Bid price141.18
Offer price141.18
Mid price-
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeJL64
JPM Europe Dynamic X Acc NAV EUR
Initial charge-
Annual charge-
Min single investment£0
Min regular saving£0
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.16%
Total expense ratio (TER)0.15%
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price141.18
CurrencyEUR
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeJL65
JPM Europe Dynamic X Hedged Acc NAV USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge-
Min single investment£0
Min regular saving£0
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.16%
Total expense ratio (TER)-
Bid price-
Offer price-
Mid price104.52
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeNT1Y
JPM Europe Dynamic X Hedged Acc USD
Initial charge-
Annual charge-
Min single investment£0
Min regular saving£0
Available in ISANo
Ongoing charge (OCF)0.16%
Total expense ratio (TER)-
Bid price104.52
Offer price104.52
Mid price-
CurrencyUSD
Price updated25/04/2017
TypeAccumulation
Institutional or retail classInstitutional
Domicile-
Citi codeNT1P
Data provided by

The Content is only for your general information and use and is not intended to address your particular requirements. The Content does not constitute any form of advice, recommendation or arrangement by Moneywise and is not intended to be relied upon by you in making (or refraining from making) any specific investment or other decisions. Appropriate independent advice should be obtained before making any such decision.

This information is sourced from our partner Financial Express. We believe the data to be correct however you should take care in using any information.

You should be aware that prices may fall as well as rise and that the income derived can go down as well as up. When buying or selling any investment that fluctuates in price or value you may get back less than you invested. Past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance.